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This Day in History: Jockey Hollow, the "other Valley Forge"
On this day in 1779, George Washington’s troops move into winter quarters near Morristown, New Jersey. Their long, difficult stay at Jockey Hollow has been called “the other Valley Forge.”
Valley Forge makes our history books, yet Jockey Hollow doesn’t. Nevertheless, many soldiers thought Jockey Hollow was the more miserable of the two.
“Those who have only been in Valley Forge and Middlebrook during the last two winters,” Major General Johann Kalb wrote, “but have not tasted the cruelties of this one, know not what it is to suffer.”
The stay in Jockey Hollow coincided with perhaps the coldest winter on record.
“During one winter only in recorded American meteorological history,” historian David Ludlum writes, “have all the salt-water inlets, harbors, and sounds of the Atlantic coastal plain, from North Carolina northeastward, frozen over and remained closed to navigation for the period of a full month and more. This occurred during what has ever since been called, ‘The Hard Winter of 1780.’”
Unfortunately, the cold winter coincided with a financial crisis. “The money depreciates so fast no body will trust the [Continental dollar] One day,” an officer wrote Quartermaster-General Nathanael Greene. “A hat costs four hundred dollars,” Kalb wrote in disbelief.
Obviously, the financial situation complicated the purchase of food and supplies—and the weather was getting colder and colder. By January, Col. Timothy Matlack was able to write that the “ink now freezes in my pen within five feet of the fire in my parlour, at 4 o‘clock in the afternoon.”
The men built log cabins from trees in the area, but food was becoming harder and harder to find. “I do solemnly declare that I did not put a single morsel of victuals into my mouth for four days and as many nights, except a little black birch bark which I gnawed off a stick of wood, if that can be called victuals,” Soldier Joseph Plumb Martin wrote. “I saw several of the men roast their old shoes and eat them, and I was afterwards informed by one of the officers’ waiters, that some of the officers killed and ate a favourite little dog that belonged to one of them.”
By January, the soldiers had begun raiding nearby farms. Washington was unhappy, but he didn’t seem to have the heart to put a complete end to it, either.
“They have been some times without Bread, some times without meat, at no time with much of either, and often without both,” Washington wrote Jonathan Trumbull. “They have borne their distress . . . but they have been at last brought to such a dreadful extremity, that no authority or influence of the officers no virtue or patience in the men themselves could any longer restrain them from obeying the dictates of their sufferings.”
Washington sometimes obtained temporary relief from local magistrates, but the food never lasted long. Instead, the months dragged on and on, with the snow continuing even into April. By May, a brigade of Connecticut soldiers threatened mutiny. Fortunately, a brigade of loyal Pennsylvania troops convinced the potential mutineers to return to their huts. Food arrived soon afterwards, and disaster was averted.
Washington pardoned the ringleaders of the near-mutiny. He surely knew how taxing the winter had been. “[T]here are certain bounds beyond which it is impossible for human nature to go,” Washington concluded to Trumbull.
The army finally emerged from its winter quarters in June. Amazingly, Washington had held his men together through these long, difficult months.
Yet another untold story of how our Founders sacrificed that we might have freedom.
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Hello to All,
I want to wish everyone a very happy and joyful Thanksgiving despite the war against American tradition to keep our traditions, thus memories, alive to be passed from one generation to the next.
There is much amiss in America today, all bought and paid for by the Globalist Elite that wish to erase every boundary to every country in the world. The only way to achieve that goal is to take down America... and rest assured, there is an all-out political assault for the survival of the Deep State in America right now. They know it is ‘do or die’ as it pertains to their plan. It’s now or suffer setback for generations for the globalists attacking us FROM WITHIN.
However, let us come together this Thanksgiving in honor of all that made our country even possible: The Beginning.
Everything we hold near and dear as Patriots began right here, at our very 1st Thanksgiving. We need to put concerted effort into keeping this information (our history) alive in the minds and hearts of our children and family.
In reading the top concerns of the patriots here, I feel led to express an opinion on the subject of, “When, where and how do we say ‘enough is enough’, taking the fight directly to the tyrants in American government? When will we as patriots rise up and say it is time for a ‘call to arms’?”
I can’t say as I can foresee exactly when/if that time will come. What I do know is, none if us as individual community militias are big enough to make that call. It is clear that for such a thing as a call to arms to be effective, it will have to be done in unison and cohesion with every individual community militia in the US to be a monumental enough movement to gain any attention at all. It will take a platform from which to speak and be heard by all, a leader that we all will follow, money and all the support necessary to give such a thing a fighting chance.
Recently patriots from across America gathered for a mega-rally in Washington. It has many names in the media, one of them being the ‘million man march’ on Washington. When you examine the various intel from that rally, or for me anyway, I realized that if a grassroots movement were to ever develop into a national agenda, it would be during such a time as this. Although there was no clear call to arms, there was a clear call to keep your ears to the radio and step up the ‘resistance’ we all display in opposition to the agendas we clearly see before us... a time to out and away our niceties in favor of physical resistance and counter-tactics that more or less fight fire with fire.
One cannot help but come away from that rally feeling a shift in strategic tide. I think that when/if a call to arms occurs, it will be during such a time, and through such an event as this.
As students of history now in America, we realize that such a time as this is not completely foreign to us, as has been hopefully forever etched into our Constitution.
There was a call to arms against the British when England sent troops against our rebellion of the King before America was even formed into the USA.
There were TWO calls to arms during our CIVIL war: one call went out for Americans to come join the Republicans in the North to fight for freeing the slaves in defense of the Spirit of our Constitution. Another call went out for Americans to come join the southern Democrats to fight to keep the slave trade and the way of life Democrats had established in the South.
In all instances above, there was a call produced by people of enough influence to carry the weight necessary to sustain such ventures. Virtually all of them had to sacrifice their wealth and way of life to finance the war efforts. From there, individuals made up their own minds and answered the call of their conscience, traveling where they needed to go to be in the battle.
I think it will be that way for us, ladies and gentlemen, if/when that time comes again. I think our call will come unexpectedly, from places unexpected, then each and every one of us will have to decide whether we will answer that call, who we’ll fight for and why... then it’ll be up to us to go and physically join the effort. The thing for us to do between now and then is prepare and train.
This is the Reader's Digest version of my thoughts on the hows, whys and whens...
But until then, let us put forth an effort to remember the difficulties in our beginning while knowing our current difficulties could not be anymore of a hardship. Let us remember the efforts it took to grow and work ourselves to success... the sacrifices made by all of those that came before us that eventually led to such a success that WE are blessed with the greatest nation on earth, the last beacon in the world to free men.
Let us remember... and HONOR in as many ways as we can, the shoulders on which we stand today as we struggle to maintain our great country.
Happy Thanksgiving, brothers and sisters... and may God continue to bless America.
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The internet, and the world, is a big place and we’re all guilty of taking (and giving) bad advice.
To get a bit nerdy, it boils down to accurate information and data clusters. Let me explain;
1) There are two types of experience: personal and observable.
2) There are a few types of opinions: ones with no experience, ones with differing degrees of personal experience, and ones with differing degrees of observed experience.
Some opinions are greater than others. Your local pawn shop and gunsmith dudes opinion is greater than the guy on the street that shoots a couple times a year, but a person who was a door kicker with multiple deployments and now trains over a thousand people a year comes out on top.
Now you can better select who to listen to and who’s opinion weighs more, but what about the cluster data?
Since the US has been at war for over a decade, we have many warfighters that have become efficient at their trade and relay that experience to the public. However; experiences vary and this is where “data points” come in.
What do they agree on?
If you find experts in their fields and 90% agree on a brand, an item, or a method of doing something, you’d be good to listen. If 25-50% agree on something, it’s probably a good rule of thumb or an option. If only one of them is saying it, take it into consideration and see if it fits in to your purpose for doing X.
However; If one expert has an opinion and all other experts are against it… its probably a crap opinion, be hesitant to follow it. I’ll post a pic below for a visual.
See my post on purpose and mission, it should help to select what you're listening for. https://www.mymilitia.com/blogs/entry/36-mission-purpose-asking-questions/
There are so many trends that people waste money on, I’d like to help that learning curve.
There are people out there willing to bet their life on crap that someone said was good (but wasn't), I’d like to save your life.
“lifetime warranty” isn’t any good if you’re dead.
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The 4 rules (many are doing it wrong) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W2Vrc2R1oGU&t=1sshooting a pistol -
Pistol Grip -
Dry practice - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lYJk_ioERK8&t=1204s
FREE Fighting Pistol Training - https://www.full30.com/watch/MDIzNzA1/fighting-pistol
TrexArms Training - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjz1xuO0O0cOfQFCJ0Rizr51EqjSECtjT
This has many vids in the playlist, but some that are gold. Instead of posting a long list, I figured it better to just post the playlist. This also has how to manage rifle recoil.
Body Transitions - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3BCPJwT40_s&t=603s
Most of this is for the individual, and I dabble in some basic group movement at the end. Fundamentals must be learned.
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The current events of our nation is something all patriots lement. The destruction of our Constitution that has been occurring long before my birth, The Balkanization of our nation and the people within, seeing Americans kill each other in the streets, as well as the voices of the average person being suppressed by those claiming to be systematically oppressed while the people of our union oppress each other, and themselves.
Defending yourself under the law is cause to be demonized while rioting and threatening innocent bystanders is held as justice for the downtrodden. Lives lost defending freedom are dragged through the mud while domestic Terrorists killed or physically pushed back on are heralded as martyrs and freedom fighters. This is a gruesome and vindictive cycle that is actively tearing apart every thread of our society which was already on fire.
The threats to our nation come from both within our borders and from lands outside of our home soil which would not be able to exist or act without our funding and support. Our political leadership is either in support of the mass assault of our society or at least are unwilling to act in direct opposition of it.
The destruction we see in cities like Minneapolis and Seattle, Violence of the ilk of Portland Oregon, and the manipulation of people by both the media and the government is apparent. Bodies lay in our streets ranging from less than 10 years old up to past retirement age is a direct statement to the state of our union.
The abhorrent conflict that has turned us all against each other is well underway. As with our last supposed civil war this civil and societal rupture is and indeed has been developing in a way different than any conflict seen in recorded history.
Our enemy is a conglomeration of ideas, beliefs, cults and violent mobs spanning the spectrum from useful yet ignorant masses fueled by unipolarized news, to semi-organized violent crowd based cult ideologies, to organized and hostile terror based militant groups such as John Brown Gun clubs, Marxist militias, redneck revolt, and militias that turned their backs on the American people and assist in training the aforementioned groups. This also encompasses politicians working in lock-step with these organizations whether out of fear, Pandering, or financial support. Even with the wide array of goals and ideologies these groups can rapidly and statically organize in the hundreds. They are well funded and supplied. During the Floyd Offensive, which was masked by coast to coast riots in the name of George Floyd; arms, Funding, equipment and goods that could be sold on the streets were looted which further helped with their funding and supply.
On our side we have patriotic Americans, Preppers, Individual militiamen. While more ideologically drawn together we are far from unified. Militias in some areas are asking for public donations, Too many people just want to be seen as leaders while not putting in the effort or toil that comes with that position. Personal arguments and flaring overactive egos destroy units whether established or just starting as well as amongst patriots gathering on forums and other digital spheres. This is not to insult our community, Only an urge to push towards unity and maturing our movement to be ready for the future difficulties we will face.
How can we hope to protect and preserve our communities or our constitution and liberty that countless patriots paid the utmost cost to honor and uphold.
I do not claim to know what we will see in the future. I have only my experiences and observations; as well as a deep love for my American brothers and sisters, our constitution which while in tatters still stands resolute, and pure stubbornness to not turn my back on what I hold dear and what we all rally behind. Until my dying breath this I will defend at all costs and hold the line of Freedom and Liberty.
These colors don't run. This flag has NOT fallen or reversed. We assault forward unto Valhalla. No matter what we face, or what form this conflict takes, people across the world and both past and present will hear, heed, respect and join in with the battle cry of Freedom, Liberty, and America.
The four tips for building your self-defense system will ensure that your system is ready when your life depends on it. There are many videos on YouTube® that one can find about the various aspects of self-defense. A growing body of work is on building active-shooter kits or bags, setting up body armor, or building a firearms range bag. My analysis of these presentations is that they fall short in telling the viewer about some fundamental aspects of building your firearms-related kit. These presentations assume that the viewer is already familiar with the fundamental elements of self-defense, CCW, and the law. Therefore, we will cover these essential aspects of building your system.
1. Familiarity with Your Self-Defense System
The most basic level of building a self-defense system with firearms is Familiarity. Familiarity requires training and experience. An important question to ask yourself is, how familiar are you with some firearm or tactical gear that interests you?
Moreover, becoming familiar with your self-defense system means to train repeatedly with it. If you do not regularly train with your equipment and gear, you will fail to employ your system in an emergency.
For example, how efficient are you at pulling out that AR pistol from your deployment gear bag in the trunk or back seat of your car during the mad-minute of violent contact with a criminal? It is nice to be able to create a well-equipped active-shooter bag. It is quite another at being able to employ those tools in less than thirty seconds under duress. The accomplishment of this essential aspect of your system requires repeatedly training to use it in a stress-induced training environment.
2. Practicality of Employment of Your Self-Defense System
Your self-defense system should be built on the principle of practicality. Practicality will influence the kinds of gear that will become part of your system. Many aspects of urban survival and preparedness revolve around having tactical equipment. Unfortunately, many do not understand such gear’s purpose or how to use it properly within its designed purpose. Thus, a key question is whether or not a piece of equipment is practical for you. For example, if you do not understand how to use, wear, and set up body armor, you may want to consider a different option.
3. Accessibility of Your Self-Defense System
One of the more essential considerations for your system is accessibility in an emergency. Some people will recommend nicely outfitted bags or backpacks to be stored behind the seat or trunk box of their truck or in the trunk of their car. However, how accessible is that gear in an emergency?
There is a reason that law enforcement professionals carry rifles or shotguns in a rack in their cruisers and wear body armor under their uniforms. There is not enough time when you are being engaged with gunfire to fumble around with your gear. Therefore, ensure that your system is easily accessible in an emergency.
4. Other Considerations Regarding Your Self-Defense System
Additionally, there are many aspects to consider when preparing to defend yourself with your gear. These considerations are: understanding the mad minute and violence of action, the psychological effects of using deadly force, understanding the effects of weapons ammunition, and understanding the law and your rights to protect yourself.
A. Reacting to Contact
Finally, as you build your firearm-based system, you will need to be proficient in reacting to contact using your gear. In other words, you should be skilled at reacting to life-threatening situations when engaged by a criminal. Again, this means training regularly with your equipment. The U.S. Army has a saying, “train as you fight.” Thus, train with your gear as you would use it during a sudden, violent encounter. Therefore, use your gear in the training scenarios that will simulate situations that you are most likely to face.
B. The Mad Minute
Our previous article on staying safe this summer briefly mentioned the mad minute and the psychological aspects of combat. It is one thing to train yourself by shooting at paper targets and plywood cutouts. By contrast, it is quite another matter when shooting at an actual human being. In the mad minute, the violence of action will render you incapable of thinking through the situation if you are not mentally and physically prepared for such an encounter. Those that adjust quickly will be able to shoot, move, and communicate more effectively in a life-threatening situation. Thus, you must train in such a way that stress and surprise develop your reactions to violent encounters.
C. The Psychological Effects
The psychological effects of using deadly force against another human being will change you in ways that you will not understand. The leadership of the United States military continues to seek ways to mitigate the psychological effects of combat on soldiers. The taking of another person’s life should not be glorified or admired in any manner. Thus, your mental and emotional health will gain strength by understanding the psychological effects that you may cause yourself when preparing to use a firearm. Are you ready for that outcome?
D. The Law
The legal aspects are just as important as the others mentioned above. Despite how one may feel about the law, second amendment rights, or self-defense, the law governs how and when it is legal to defend yourself with a firearm.
As you build your system, it is imperative that your understanding of the law reflects how you will employ your gear in an emergency. If you know yourself, your equipment, and the law, you will increase your chances of successfully defending yourself in an emergency.
Your firearm-based self-defense system is an integral part of preparing for an emergency. There are cost-to-benefit considerations to think about when attempting to build such a system. The system that you create for yourself should be highly individualized. Furthermore, if you cannot afford the time or money to train regularly, it is an indicator that you should be focusing on the creation of your self-defense system in other areas until you can prepare adequately. Remember, there are many components to building a sound self-defense system. It will take time to create one, but it will be worth it when you need it in an emergency.
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The following is something that I post at many websites that I inhabit. The time for this is getting short. America is plunging headfirst towards civil war. This war will make the Civil War look like a Sunday School picnic, by comparison (in the Civil War, think Sherman's march from the mountains to the sea ... and that was mild to what is coming). The time is short, amigos:
Once again, I will post the following link: https://www.mymilitia.com/
This website is a clearinghouse for militias throughout the United States. For every member of the website, there are at least ten people in the militias who aren't members. The militia I belong to is very well-organized, and although it's primarily defensive in nature, certainly has the organization and weaponry to go on the offensive, if necessary. I'm convinced that it will be necessary.
The only alternative to the inevitability of civil war is voting out the p u $ $ y Republicans ... you know who they are ... and electing real men and strong women, in their place.
If you're not armed, get armed. NOTE: It's getting late ...
If you're not equipped, do so.
If you have no training, receive some (trainers are out there).
An unarmed man or woman is nothing more than a target for violent death. This is the new reality of the United States of America. This country will not survive in its current form. Fight, or live as a slave. Simple choice ...
And for God's Sake, JOIN A MILITIA
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We need to get active troops. We are running out of time to prepare for the possibility of a SHTF scenario. COMMS are extremely important to our success as a whole. It is even more critical that our Leadership be in control of all situations. Our current situation in the country is becoming violent. It is a great time to learn about our enemies. I can only suggest that we not listen to propaganda about what we as the Militia should be doing. We all have passion towards the protection and defense of our great country, but we can not dig our own graves because someone posted to the internet. MyMilitia was created to help keep us all on the same page. Let us not lose our way because of their agenda.
They want us to step up and take the first move of retaliation. We as a whole need to be more vigilant than their desire to attempt to destroy our country. The current times shall pass. This is not the first time and it is not the last. You want to step up and protect your communities, by all means do it, but check with your leaders first. Keep in mind, you are States Militias. Once you cross state lines with loaded weapons, you become felons. The only person who can have you cross state lines is our Commander and Chief President Donald Trump. Everyone needs to get active in the Area Code Militias. Please be safe and learn everything you can about the enemy at hand, Both ANTIFA but more importantly the Federal Government. God Be With Us! III%
1st SGT 19th Tennessee Infantry, 1st Div. A Co.
Do you ever wonder what could happen to you when you are legally separated from all family, all friends and placed into an "expert" institution where there is no freedom of speech or real choices? A place where you were FORCED to take the plan of action the "experts" give you? You might be tempted to think I'm talking about a psychiatric institution... but oh no. I'm talking about your local hospital, and you with a common illness.
Because of the suppression of Constitutional rights and freedom of speech, medical personnel in New York City are FORCED to look for "messenger allies" on the opposite end of the country in order to sound alarms when things are happening that are NOT in the best interest of patients, which by the way, are completely isolated from the outside world.
Best thing you can do is just listen. This isn't a conspiracy, folks. I myself have seen doctor/s place people in a private room, hook them up to a morphine drip, and watch as their body shut down because the "expert" determined it was time for them to die. I'VE SEEN IT.
It was amazing how they changed their mind when I hooked up a camcorder and started to record the death. THEN the nurse got on the phone with the doc (right there in the room!), then they cut off the morphine and administered an antidote (without the doctor ever showing his face again), referred the patient to Charleston or Roanoke, and the patient lived another decade.
What can happen when there's noone there to hook up a camcorder for you?
Hebrews 4:12 — "For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart."
Have you ever wondered why some people treasure the Bible and others hate it with a ferocity that seemingly defies explanation?
Our weapon - The Word of God is described as a sword for good reason.
1. It is quick - God's Word doesn't adhere to political correctness & it doesn't cloak the truth in mystical ambiguity; instead the Word of God speaks directly to the heart of the matter & our heart being opened to encouragement, correction & absolute truth will determine our response.
2. - It is powerful. I can tell you from personal experience that Word of God has changed my life & continues to change it every day. There was a time when I was involved in a lifestyle that was leading me to an untimely death. When nothing else & no one could reach me or change me - God's Word did what I could not do. The Bible has changed countless lives for the better, has given hope to the hopeless & lifted the downtrodden in a way that no government or philosophy could ever achieve.
The power of the Word of God is attested to even by it's enemies. Evidence of this is abundant by the number of people who protest against it.
It amazes me, I don't ever recall a group of individuals who's hatred for the tooth fairy & unicorns has driven them to infringe on the rights of those who believe in them.
The very fact that the Word of God is such an offense to them is a testament to it's power.
3. It is sharper than a two edged sword. Have you ever held an authentic sword made by a master blacksmith? They are light weight & they are so razor sharp that in the right hands they can sever a limb from your body in an instant.
God's Word is sharper than a surgical instrument. I don't know who this saying is attributed to but it is said that you don't read the Bible, The Bible reads you.
The Bible speaks to your soul in a way that nothing else can.
I have had times when God's Word has lifted me from the depths of dark depression & times when it has shook me to my very core. God speaks through His Word & our standing with Him isn't something we have to guess about - He will tell you through it. Are you struggling with something that you know keeps you separated from being at peace with the Lord?
Let His Word guide you. The Bible will open you up from the inside out. I've had surgery & it isn't fun. It takes time to recover. God's Word does that - it goes in us like a scalpel & it may be uncomfortable, maybe even painful for a time - but it will restore you to fullness in the end.
4. It discerns the thoughts & intents of your heart. Think about that for a moment.
You see, we can fool each other. People can be deceived by politicians, spouses, friends, etc. We like to think that we are experts & hiding the darkness & the lies that we tell ourselves and others.
The Word of God isn't fooled by any of that. God's Word knows the intent of yours & my heart better than we ourselves do. I can't count the number of times that I was sure I had found the justification for something I have either done or said only to have God show me through His Word the results of my actions before they manifested & even more - the true intentions behind it.
God's Word exposes the lies of the world & corrects the philosophy of men. To know the Word of God intimately is to know the truth & that's the only way to avoid being deceived in the first place.
The most important thing I can leave with you is this -
Jesus Christ ( Yeshua Hamaschiach ) & the Word of God are synonymous.
In John Chapter 1 this is laid out clearly. " In the beginning was the Word & the Word was with God & the Word was God.... & The Word became flesh & dwelt among us..."
This is what will make the Bible your weapon & your shield and fill you with truth or it will make the Bible a rock of offense but faced with Jesus Christ we are forced to make a decision.
Today, I would like to encourage you to do your weapons Maintenance. We don't know the outcome of the coming days, weeks or years. We can be told wonderful sounding lies that only give false hope & trust in man to finally get it right .... Or - we can fill our minds with Truth that is based on the eternal Word of Almighty God who cannot lie & allow Him to lead us to true victory.
Reading your Bible isn't a chore - it's an opportunity to walk closer with the One who fashioned you & knew you before you were ever born.
Hope this brightens your day:
Just seen a burglar kicking his own door in. I asked: “What are you doing?” He said: “Working from home.”
A young man was sitting next to me in one of the two chairs provided for men outside the ladies fitting room in our local department store. After 30 minutes and 6 changes of outfits, the fellow's wife came out of the changing room one more time. He looked at her and immediately said, "That looks great on you! Get that one." "Honey," she replied, "this is what I was wearing when we came in."
Jay J. Armes is a private investigator… with no hands. A childhood accident (he was 11 years old) mangled both his hands. In 1972, he was the PI hired by Marlon Brando to find his missing son. He was so popular during the 1970’s that the Ideal Toy Company released a Jay J. Armes action figure, complete with detachable prosthetics.
Did the Chinese &/or Russians refine their Propaganda process during the 50s, 60s &70s of manipulating the American public to withdraw from Vietnam? Are they using these procedures today to remove our Firearms, as a precursor to attack/invasion?
https://gsmpao.weebly(DOT)com are primarily a Prepper Organization, join us. Copy/Cut & Paste Link
Permanent Shelters C7 - Feel Free To “Click on”- Research - Copy/Paste & Share.
If Corona (Covid-19 ) & “Lockdowns” continue; By my calculations the first Riots (fuzzy math) in major cities (Boston, Chicago, Detroit, DC, Denver, LA, NY, SF, ETC) will be around July 15 2020.
Scott Lance Smith
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After a few failed attempts in collaboration with some popular "conservative" Facebook groups to extend our reach we would like to make an offer to build you your very own website in exchange for your collaboration.
Basically if you have an established page with >50,000 followers we will build you a website if you allow us to post on your page a post that will include a meme image with a link to our website here on a some what regular but non-spammy basis
contact me [email protected]
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In 1943, when the United States gave its soldiers the M3 combat knife, a project to renew the M1905/1942 bayonet was launched. A new model whose blade is shorter than its predecessors is developed and production begins immediately. The M1905/1942 bayonets are recalled at the factory and their blades are shortened. The new bayonets have the name M1 whereas the modified M1905 are called M1905E1.
The M1 bayonet is compatible with the Garand and M-1903 Springfield rifles. It was manufactured from 1943 to 1945 by UFH (Union Fork and Hoe), PAL (PAL Blade Company), AFH (American Fork and Hoe), UC (Utica Cutlery) and OL (Oneida Limited).
These bayonets were deployed for the first time during the Battle of Normandy in June 1944. They were also used on the Pacific front and opposed to the long Japanese bayonets-swords: many American soldiers chose to keep the old model M1905 in order to fight on equal terms.
The M1 bayonet is also used after the Second World War during the Korean War. It was replaced in 1953 by the M5 model.
When the Americans develop the principle of airborne troops, new equipment is devised to respond to situations that paratroopers may face. With the problem of parachute hangers, which are regularly tangled with weapons, bags and sometimes parachutists themselves, they ask to be equipped with a small knife allowing them to cut these links, if necessary .
Several knives were presented to parachutists in 1940, and one of them was unanimous: a small knife created by the Schrade Cutlery Company in Walden, New York, which the Americans quickly called “Knife, Pocket, M2″. It holds in a pocket of the M2 combat jacket which allows it to be easily accessible by its user. Unlike a conventional knife, it works with the locking system which saves time in an emergency. It also has a metal ring to hold a wrist strap.
Several models are designed by various American companies and delivered to parachutists, such as the Presto M2 curved blade.
In 1942, the Americans sought to replace the old Mk I Trench model dating from the First World War. Two combat knives are then competing in December: the M3 Trench Knife and the 1912C2 developed by the Marine Corps. The imperatives of design are the speed of production and the use of few raw materials which are becoming more and more expensive with war. It is also the lowest cost of production of the M3 that allows it to be selected in relation to its competitor.
The M3 Trench Knife, also known as Fighting Knife, entered service in March 1943. Initially, the Americans wanted to distribute it to all non-bayonet soldiers (including those armed with the Thompson gun and the USM1 rifle) , But they primarily equip units likely to face hand-to-hand combat such as airborne troops and Rangers.
The knives come with a M6 riveted leather sheath that can be attached to a belt or directly at the calf. Paratroopers are used to placing them along their boots so that they can be used quickly after the jump.
In 1944, enough knives were available to equip the entire armed forces of the United States. In fact, no fewer than nine companies are responsible for their production (see the manufacturers’ list and the copies on the right). The production ends in August 1944 but its use is still authorized in the American armies.
When the Americans defined the distribution of bayonets for their soldiers in 1942, it quickly became apparent that some of them were not equipped with bayonets. This is particularly true for personnel equipped with the Thompson gun and the USM1 rifle.
Initially, the US Army gave its soldiers without bayonets the M3 combat knives that was delivered during the year 1943. But at the same time it was preparing the development of a bayonet specific to the rifle USM1. This one is available in May 1944, a month before the launch of Operation Overlord in Normandy.
The guard is covered with leather, which differentiates it from the guards produced after the war and which are plastic (cf picture above). The M4 bayonet is equipped with a model M8A1 sheath that is identical to that used by the M3 combat knife.
However, very few USM1 rifles are equipped with the adapter needed for the bayonet and few soldiers use this weapon in its original function.
During the Korean War, the M1 bayonet and M1905 bayonet which mount to the M1, were proven difficult to remove with gloves on. As a result, the U.S. M5 Garand bayonet was designed and issued in 1953. This was a total redesign based on the M4 bayonet used by the M1 carbine. The M5 bayonet looks nothing like the original M1905 or M1 bayonets for the M1 Garand. The M5 is the only U.S. bayonet without a barrel mount ring on the crossguard, making it look more like a fighting knife than a bayonet.
The M6 Bayonet is a bayonet used by the U.S. military for the M14 rifle. It was introduced in 1957, at the same time as the rifle itself. It is the only type of bayonet made for the M14, and the only other rifle it fits is the civilian version of the M14, the M1A. Like its predecessor, the M5 bayonet for the M1 Garand rifle, the M6 was intended to serve additional roles as a combat knife and utility knife. The basic blade design was like the M4, M5, and later M7 bayonets, based on the World War II designed M3 Trench Knife. The overall length of the M6 is 11 3/8 inches, with a blade 6 5/8 inches long. Contractors who manufactured the M6 included Aerial Cutlery Co., Columbus Milpar and Mfg. Co. and Imperial Knife Co.
The M7 bayonet is a bayonet that was used by the U.S. military for the M16 rifle, it can also be used with the M4 carbine as well as many other assault rifles, carbines and combat shotguns. It can be used as a fighting knife and utility tool. It was introduced in 1964, when the M16 rifle entered service during the Vietnam War.
The M7 bayonet very similar to the older M4 bayonet with the Korean War era plastic grips for the M1/M2 carbines except that the M7 has a much larger muzzle ring. The M7 has the same two-lever locking mechanism as the M4, that connects to a lug on the M16 rifles barrel. The M4 (M1/M2 carbine), M5 (M1 rifle), and M6 bayonet (M14 rifle), all derived from the World War II M3 fighting knife.
The M7 differs from M6 bayonet for the M14 rifle. Most notably, the diameter of the muzzle rings, and the locking mechanism. The M7's release mechanism is on the pommel, while the M6 has a spring-loaded lever near the guard that when depressed releases the bayonet. Both models are approximately the same length, have the same black finish, and use the M8A1, or later M10 sheath.
The M7 1095 carbon steel blade is 6 3/4 inches long, with an overall length of 11.9 inches. Blade width is 3/16 inch and it weighs about 9.6 ounces. One edge is sharpened its full length while to opposite side of the blade has approximately 3 inches sharpened. There are no markings on the blade itself. The manufacturer's initials or name along with "US M7" will be found stamped under the crossguard (see photo, right). The non-slip grips are molded black plastic. The steel parts have a uniform dark grey/black parkerized finish.
The M7 bayonet NSN is NSN 1095-00-017-9701. The initial contractor was Bauer Ord Company. Colt (manufacturer of the M16) and Ontario Knife Company made many of the M7 bayonets for the military and continue to make and sell them commercially. Other manufacturers included Carl Eickhorn [for Colt], Columbus Milpar & Mfg. (MIL-PAR), Conetta Mfg., Frazier Mfg., General Cutlery (GEN CUT), and Imperial Knife. The M7 was also manufactured in Canada, West Germany, the Philippines, Singapore, Israel, South Korea and Australia.
The M7 has been replaced by the M9 bayonet in Army service, and the Marine Corps replaced it with the OKC-3S bayonet. The Army, Navy, and USAF still use M7s and may do so for years to come.
The M9 Bayonet, officially known as the M9 Phrobis III, is a multi-purpose knife and bayonet officially adopted in 1986 by the United States. It has a 7-inch (18 cm) blade and is issued with a sheath designed to double as a wire cutter.
The M9 bayonet was designed and developed by Charles A. "Mickey" Finnat his R&D company, Qual-A-Tec. It is a refined copy of the Russian AKM Type I bayonet.He later produced it under the Phrobis III name, filling a military contract for 325,000 units. Buck Knives was contracted to make 300,000 units and sold a commercial version under their own name. Finn's designs proved extremely popular, and were widely counterfeited and sold illegally by other makers. In 1986, Finn received U.S. Patent 4,622,707, however they continued to flow unchecked into the United States from Asia and Mexico, cutting into legitimate sales.
After the Phrobis III bayonet contract was completed, rights to the M9 reverted to the United States Army and there were many subsequent versions from other companies. It is issued by the armed forces of the U.S. and other countries, and has also been sold commercially in various versions.
Some production runs of the M9 have a fuller and some do not, depending upon which contractor manufactured that batch and what the military specs were at the time. The M9 Bayonet partially replaced the older M7 Bayonet, introduced in 1964. Although it has been claimed that the M9 may be more prone to breakage than the older M7, the M9 bayonet has a 20% thicker blade and tang (0.235" vs. 0.195") and a 75% greater cross-sectional area of steel in the blade than the M7.
The OKC-3S is a bayonet developed by the United States Marine Corps to replace the M7 bayonet and M9 bayonet as its service bayonet for the M16 family of rifles and M4 series carbine. This multipurpose bayonet provides greater durability than the M7 and also functions as a fighting knife.
The OKC-3S is part of a series of weapon improvements begun in 2001 by Commandant of the Marine Corps James L. Jones to expand and toughen hand-to-hand combat training for Marines, including training in the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program and knife fighting. In the Multi-Purpose Bayonet program, 33 different knives were evaluated. The OKC-3S performed best, or next to best, in nearly all testing categories. A contract for OKC-3S was made in December 2002 and production and distribution began in January 2003
The OKC-3S is manufactured solely by the Ontario Knife Companyand identical civilian versions are available for purchase. It bears a resemblance to the Marines' iconic Ka-Bar fighting knife, though it is not fullered. It is larger, thicker and heavier than the M7 although slightly thinner and lighter than the current U.S. Army-issued M9. A sharper point helps penetrate body armor that many modern adversaries wear; while serrations near the handle help improve its function as a utility knife. In one demonstration, a prototype was able to pierce a punching bag covered with aircraft aluminum and a ballistic vest. The entire weapon is designed to be corrosion resistant, and weighs 1.25 lb (0.57 kg) with its sheath. The scabbard and grip are colored to match the Corps' coyote tan gear, compatible with both woodland and desert camouflage. The NATO Stock Number is 1095-01-521-6087.
The OKC-3S features an 8 in (20.32 cm) long, 1.375 in (3.49 cm) wide, 0.2 in (0.51 cm) thick blade. The serrations measure 1.75 in (4.4 cm) of the blade length on the true edge. The blade is made from high carbon steel rated at HRC 53-58 and is capable of functioning without breakage in operating temperatures of −25 to 135 °F (−32 to 57 °C). The blade also has a non-reflective phosphate finish.
The grip is made of Dynaflex, a synthetic non-slip material, is ergonomically grooved, and is more oval than round. This design helps prevent repetitive-strain injuriesand hand fatigue during training. It also features an embossed Eagle, Globe, and Anchor molded in to allow a user to identify the direction of the blade in the dark. The full tang connects the cross guard/muzzle ring (which is .165 in (0.42 cm)) and pommel latch plate that clasps the barrel lug; both are phosphate coated like the blade. Former Ontario Knife Company president and chief executive Nick Trbovich Jr. said of it: "We spent a lot of time making sure the handle was ergonomically correct… There are no blister points on the handle."
The polyester elastomer scabbard, designed by Natick Labs, offers a weight and noise reduction from the previous M7 Scabbard and is ILBE compatible. It has a fitted internal stainless steel spring and friction device at its throat to secure the bayonet. A ceramic-coated aluminum honing rod is located on the back of the scabbard. The scabbard is compatible with the MOLLE/PALS modular attachment system. The scabbard lacks the wire cutter of the M9 for use when assaulting beaches or other concertina wire–fortified obstacles.
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