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State of Hawaii Militias - General Information

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THIS THREAD IS FOR GENERAL INFORMATION RELATING TO THE MODERN MILITIA MOVEMENT IN THE STATE OF:

 

HAWAII

______________________________________

 

PLEASE REFER TO THE OTHER STICKIES IN THIS SPECIFIC STATE FOR INFORMATION ABOUT:

  • HOW TO START/JOIN A GROUP FOR THIS STATE
  • A COMPREHENSIVE DIRECTORY OF MILITIA WEBSITES
  • GUNS AND AMMO BUY SELL AND TRADE GROUPS

ADDITIONALLY YOU MAY USE THIS THREAD TO POST GENERAL QUESTIONS/COMMENTS PERTAINING TO THIS SPECIFIC STATE

 

WE HAVE STARTED BY INCLUDING SOME OF THIS STATES MILITIA HISTORY FROM WIKIPEDIA BELOW, WE WILL CONTINUE TO ADD MORE INFORMATION SO CHECK BACK OFTEN.

 

TELL YOUR FRIENDS ABOUT MY MILITIA BY SHARING THIS IMAGE AND LINK:

 

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Linked to: http://www.mymilitia.com


Law-abiding American citizens who are participating in legal activities shall never be fearful of government reprisal.

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Hawaii Naval Militia

The Hawaii Naval Militia is the inactive naval militia of Hawaii. As a naval militia, it was organized as a naval parallel to the Hawaii National Guard. Along with the National Guard, the Hawaii Naval Militia is recognized as part of the organized militia of Hawaii.[1]

 

History[edit]

Steps were first taken to organize the Hawaii Naval Militia in 1899 when the former Hawaii secretary of ligation, J. B. Castle, wrote a letter to the Secretary of the Navy, John Davis Long, asking about the naval regulations that would need to be followed in order to establish the naval militia.[2]

 

By 1910, the Hawaii Naval Militia was organized into two divisions.[3]

 

By 1916, the Hawaii Naval Militia had added marine and aeronautical sections.[4] In the summer of 1916, the Hawaii Naval Militia drilled aboard the USS St. Louis.[5]

 

Personnel[edit]

Naval militias are partially regulated and equipped by the federal government, and therefore membership requirements are partially set according to federal standards. Under 10 U.S. Code § 7854, in order to be eligible for access to "vessels, material, armament, equipment, and other facilities of the Navy and the Marine Corps available to the Navy Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve", at least 95% of members of the naval militia must also be members of the United States Navy Reserve or the United States Marine Corps Reserve.[6]

 

Legal status[edit]

Naval militias of U.S. states are recognized by the federal government of the United States under 10 U.S. Code §7851.[7] Hawaii law also recognizes the Hawaii Naval Militia as a component of the organized militia of Hawaii.[1] Therefore, an act of legislature by the Hawaii State Legislature or an executive order from the Governor of Hawaii could return the Hawaii Naval Militia to active service.

 

 


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Hawaii Territorial Guard

The Hawaii Territorial Guard was the state defense force of Hawaii during World War II. As a result of the National Guard of Hawaii being federalized for the duration of the war, the Hawaii Territorial Guard was created to serve as the stateside replacement for the National Guard. During the war, it was the sole military force available to the Governor of Hawaii to use in defense of the state. Unlike the National Guard, as a state defense force, the Hawaii Territorial Guard was not subject to federalization or deployment outside of the borders of Hawaii, but rather answered only to the governor.

History of predecessor units[edit]

The National Guard and the state defense forces both trace their roots to the state militias which made up the majority of the United States Armed Forces prior to the implementation of the Militia Act of 1903 and the subsequent creation of the modern National Guard of the United States as a federal reserve force. The first militia in Hawaii was the Honolulu Rifles, composed of non-native Hawaiians, which was created in 1884.[1] After state militias were reorganized into the National Guard, the state of Hawaii's remaining militia units were reorganized into the National Guard.

 

Creation[edit]

The Hawaii Territorial Guard was created by Governor Joseph B. Poindexter, who ordered the mobilization of a Territorial Guard around 10:00 a.m. on December 7, 1941 during the attack on Pearl Harbor.[2]

 

Membership[edit]

Immediately after ordering the activation of the Territorial Guard, Governor Poindexter began the task of creating it. The University of Hawaii Reserve Officer's Training Corps was activated and assembled at the University of Hawaii campus and immediately drafted into the Territorial Guard, alongside various high school JROTC students.[3]

 

At 11:00 a.m. on the same day, all members of the American Legion were also called to duty via radio, thus adding between three hundred and four hundred members to the Territorial Guard ranks, whose membership would reach a strength of 89 officers and 1,254 enlisted men by December 31, 1941.[3]

 

In January 1942, due to suspicions of their loyalty, all ethnic Japanese members were dismissed from the Hawaii Territorial Guard.[4] Hawaii Territorial Guardsmen who had been discharged petitioned General Delos Carleton Emmons, the Military Governor of Hawaii, to be allowed contribute to the war effort in another way, and in February they were assigned to a regiment of engineers as a 160-man auxiliary unit called the Varsity Victory Volunteers.[5] After the temporary shutdown of the unit, the Hawaii Territorial Guard was immediately reactivated without its ethnic Japanese members and began recruiting replacements.[6]

 

Duties[edit]

The Hawaii Territorial Guard was tasked with guarding against a potential paratrooper assault by the Japanese in the immediate aftermath of the Pearl Harbor attack.[7] After the immediate threat had passed, they were assigned to guard key buildings and infrastructure against sabotage.[3]

 

Equipment[edit]

Members of the Hawaii Territorial Guard were issued M1903 Springfield rifles.[7]

 

Disbandment[edit]

The Hawaii Territorial Guard was disbanded in 1947.[8]

 

 


Law-abiding American citizens who are participating in legal activities shall never be fearful of government reprisal.

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