ASM Training Program
PurposeThe purpose of the ASM Training Program is to insure each member of the Arizona State Militia has successfully completed a course of instruction in the legal requirements, structure, policies and procedures within the organization. Successful completion of this task will allow each member to advance within the organization and assist in the continual improvement involving unit operations and community support activities.Each section of the training requirements are designed in a specific logical order to build on prior training. It is essential only specific instructors are used that are certified and/or professionally trained in the subject area. Successful operation of this course will hinge on unit sponsorship, leadership participation and the removal of personal feelings that can become training distractors.Integration Training:
For new members
Must complete in order to pass the probationary requirement
Coordinated, resourced and documented by the Training NCO(s)
Some classes may be waived on a case by case basis
Basic Skills Training:
For members assigned to the tactical platoon
Team leaders and Squad Leaders are the primary trainers
Evaluated by Squad Leaders and the Platoon Leader
Ongoing training that should be reviewed and practiced regularly
For all leadership positions
Specific courses for tactical and non tactical
Designed to assist in successful operation of the applicable element
Intent is to have classes semi-annually
Training for an entire company
Must be re-trained annually
Scheduled by the Company Commander
Will be reviewed by the state every two years
This program contains some of the subject areas that will evolve when needed and be reviewed annually by the state and company leadership. A few of the main topics are summarized below.Legal considerations - Militia, gun, state & federal landIt is essential that the first class be conducted in a comfortable, informal classroom setting. This allows all members to meet each other and openly participate in the training. This class should be first as it will highlight individuals with a contrary personal opinion that does not fit with the organization while insuring each member has been exposed to legal considerations. This is not a subject area that should be presumed every person either knows or will learn. The training should be closed with some form of written test combing multiple choice and true/false questions numbering no more than 25, in some cases a hands on test will be more appropriate.The focus needs to be based on existing laws and their interpretation based on the courts, not an individuals biased viewpoint or uneducated personal opinion regarding legal interpretation of the law. Understanding the state laws governing the militia, officials who dictate or request militia presence, who is in command of any militia called into service, should be at the forefront of the state law discussion. The federal aspects needs to extend beyond the personal interpretation of the 2nd Amendment and focus on federalization of the militia; requirements, steps and procedure. Existing militias with stigma based on prior events, understanding federal and local law enforcement organizations the militia may come in contact with and initial exposure to the emergency management system/MEMS training. MEMS is the only recognized training program used and required by the few states that officially recognize the unorganized militia whom utilize their participation in state events and train with the national guard. It is to the ASM advantage to approach the subject by choice rather than in response to a mandate that may arrive prior to participation with the state government.Understanding federal and state land laws and the governing bodies is more significant in Arizona than most states. It is important to know what lands are controlled by what agencies, requirements or denials of firearms presence and/or usage, hunting and fishing laws and the associated lotteries, leisure activities to include, but not limited to, hiking and camping. Resulting fines, fees and legal outcomes.Weapons Safety and OperationThe safest and most practical way to approach the handling, safety and operation of firearms is to utilize our existing NRA certified instructors. These individuals have received proven training that is uniform and a necessity to insure range safety with the varying skill levels. There are several ASM members with minimal weapons knowledge and skill who have received this training and are among our safest members handling firearms. There are also members with some experience or perceived mastery of weapons handling that are habitually poor examples of safety and attempt to train in weapons manipulation using inefficient and poor methodology. This training will rectify that while requesting all members to obtain professional training. This allows for a clear delineation of liability for the individual and the organization, pursuant to any future unwanted safety incidents that result from improper and negligent firearm operations. The instructor will outline testing and performance requirements. Until an adequate NRA instructor is certified, instructors with relevant experience will cover safe weapons handling and range safety & operation protocols.MedicalThe basic required medical tasks all members should know. These subjects should be covered by trained and certified medical personnel, EMTs, certified trainers by ASM or instructors with relevant experience. These are common core subjects focusing on the IFAK, heat casualties, patient assessment, patient evacuation, ECC and related areas. Portions of this class should be closed with a written test combining multiple choice and true/false questions numbering no more than 25.Map Reading & Land NavigationThis class covers the basic map reading, polar plots, identifying azimuth, location, orientation, measurement and utilization. Additionally the 2nd half of training should be outdoor to establish pace count, basic compass usage, alternative and field expedient directional methods, and identifying terrain features.ASM Structure, policies and proceduresThis session covers the things we want to keep close-hold until it is determined every participant who has progressed to this point will be excepted, rather than excused, from the organization. Identifying the military and ASM personal structure, unit designations, identifications, locations, and leadership positions. Covering organizational polices of which there should be several designed by this point. Discussing procedures including, but not limited to, handling disputes, chain of command, the support channel, participating in public events, conduct and expectations. Issuance of any SOP that is designed and designated for the initial trainee. Also, general details about our bug out process.While many of these items may be lightly covered along the way a final blanket discussion will allow for group uniformity of training and allow time to complete this session with individual recognition by distributing the unit patch and for some, identifying a duty position and/or promotion. This will be covered by the company leadership.Course RequirementsRegardless of current, former or prospective participation in ASM this training should be considered a requirement for everyone. It is understandable that a very minimal select few may not need one or more classes as they are the individuals with that professional training and experience. Ex., An NRA instructor or graduate does not need one or both NRA courses. However, those without either certificate should be required to attend the course. Instruction should be tailored to the lowest common denominator and not to the instructor or a leaders individual desire or presumption of a trainees knowledge base.
Basic Skills Training
Small Unit TacticsTactical training needs to be limited to very basic buddy team and fire team operations. Appropriate subjects would be three basic movement formations, signaling, moving in formation, getting online, aid and litter, rally points, using key terrain, moving in a stack outdoors, cover & concealment, advancement and withdrawal, to name a few. This will be the first event where the trainees utilize firearms in a group and not in a range environment as well utilize communications and individual strengths to work as a team, conquering individuality, communication and personality conflict. This class should be closed with a squad leader and/or platoon leader evaluation as appropriate. A knowledgable instructor with relevant experience will be used in cases where the leadership either doesn’t exist or has not yet obtained the necessary level of proficiency.CommunicationsA broad subject requiring a narrow focus for initial training. Appropriate subjects would include basic hand and arm signals that compliment the small unit tactical training in the BST program. The use of signaling devices for passage of lines, emergency response, SAR, international marking systems for aircraft, the communication structure of ASM or the military system up to the point of any ASM communications plan development, basic encoding and cryptology, radio communication procedures and protocol. A brief discussion of the current radios in use, why those are not the only ones that will work and other choices available, the current channel designations and uses. Additionally a brief overview of amateur radio requirements and available organizations that conduct testing as well as proven current books and websites designed to properly prepare for the licensing tests. This class should be closed with a written test combining multiple choice and true/false questions numbering no more than 25.
This training is a multi-course program designed to benefit the leadership in the construction and dissemination of needed documents, evaluation process, communication, leader responsibilities, duties and expectations of both the tactical and non-tactical leader. After the joint introductory course, follow on training is specific to the tactical and non-tactical platoon. Tactical leadership training will involve maneuvering units, mission planning, train the trainer, critical thinking, strategic planning, intelligence gathering, support requests, reporting and establishing a defensive plan. The non-tactical course is specific to the needs and requirements of the headquarters/support platoon. This involves providing mission support, operating a command posts, camp requirements specific to each duty position, defensive requirements, map tracking, mission planning, evacuation and resource management.
This training is specific to the company where smaller groups would not be conducive to the subject matter. These areas are required to be refreshed annually. Examples include, but are not limited to, formations and active shooter.